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If the coalition breaks up, any of them cannot find on The market of equivalent replacement to present partners, Value of everyone will appear more low, than it. Proceeding The association provides with it the quasi-rent which they divide Among themselves. Therefore economically they are interested the friend in The friend, are interested in cooperation continuation. 3. Manufacture is carried out in "command": the joint Product of the command more than the arithmetic sum of the individual Products of its members. Differently, the prize is supposed From cooperation of production factors. 4. The coalition employs (rents) also any resources Nonspecific, general character. As manufacture It is carried out by all "command" it is impossible to measure precisely The individual contribution of each of resources to the general result. Therefore compensation to the employed resources is established not On their precisely measured productivity, and on any To more conditional, approximate criteria. Chastnopredprinimatelsky firm. At classification of the various Forms of the economic organisations 16 starting point for Theorists of the property rights serves
G.Demsetsa, the proprietor of the "classical" capitalist
Firms possesses a bunch of the rights from five basic elements: 1) it
Is the applicant for the residual income, i.e. The income,
Remaining after to other factors will be
Are paid due to them under the contract of the sum of compensation
(The enterprise income, on K.Marx's terminology); 2)
Has the right to supervise behaviour of all of the others
"Command" factors-participants; 3) is central
The party from which all other factors conclude
Contracts (i.e. Contracts consist not directly all with
Everything, and all - with the central participant); 4) has the right
To change membership in the command (i.e. The right of hiring and
Dismissals); 5) has the right to sell all listed
Competences with (1) on (4) (6, with. 783).
In what value of such bunch of the property rights?
Thanks to the umbellate contract when one party is
Central under the relation to all the rest, it is reached
Essential economy of costs for negotiating.
Presence of the rights to the residual income, management and change
Memberships in "command" solve a problem of the opportunistic
Behaviour. Specialisation of the central participant on
Performance of function of management raises efficiency
The control over behaviour of other members of "command". Remains
Problem "the control over the control". She dares investment
The central participant the right to the residual income that gives
To it powerful stimulus not to behave opportunistically at
Performance of the kontrolno-administrative functions. The right on
Change of membership in "command" besides means that
The central participant can break off contract relations with
Someone from members of "command", without mentioning thus relations
With its other members.
Who from participants of "command" should be central
The agent? The owner of the most specific resource, value
Which to the greatest degree depends on continuation
Coalition existence, respond A.Alchjan and S.Vuduord (8,
With. 70). He will be ready to pay a ceiling price for
The right to supervise the command. To be the owner most
Of specific resource - it0it to have the right to the residual
The income. This participant it also will be "proprietor"
Firms though in literal sense to it belong far not
All its resources (8, with. 70).
In case of "classical" capitalist firm the such
The most specific resource it the physical capital.
The income of its owner will depend finally on it
Enterprise talent, i.e. From ability to generate
The viable, effective command: "the Difference between
Value of the command and total value of all resources,
Which they could possess out of firm, - it And.
- and S.Vuduord, - is the income on the investment
The businessman, connected with search capable to bring
Success of the command "(8, with. 70).
But the most specific in "command" can be and human
The capital. In this case its carrier will be central
The party for other members of a coalition. As examples
"Classically-capitalist commands" with the central
The participant-owner of the human capital A.Alchjan and With.
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