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The pure resulted income
At the heart of the majority of methods of definition of economic efficiency
Investment projects in market economy calculation of the pure lies
The resulted income (net present value).
The pure resulted income (NPV) represents a difference
Discounted for one moment of time (usually for a year of the beginning of realisation
The project) indicators of incomes and expenses (capital investments)
Streams of incomes and capital investments are usually represented in a kind
Uniform stream - the pure current of payments equal to a difference of current incomes and
Expenses. A reference point at an establishment of norm of discounting is the rate
Bank percent or profitableness of investments of means in securities
Pure resulted income NPV is calculated at the set norm
Discounting (reduction) under the formula:
t - years of realisation of the investment project (t = 1, 2, 3..., T);
P (t) - a pure current of payments (cash) in a year t;
d - the discounting rate.
Economic sense of the rate of discounting the following: its size
Corresponds to norm of the income is minimum comprehensible to the investor on the capital
(As a rule, the rate of attraction of deposits in commercial banks).
The pure current of payments switches on as incomes profit from
Industrial activity and depreciation charges, and in quality
Expenses - investments into capital construction, reproduction
Fixed capital leaving in manufacture, and also on creation and
Accumulation of circulating assets.
On NPV it is possible to present influence of investment expenses and incomes of them in
More evident kind, having written down the formula (4.2) as follows:
tn - year of the beginning of production;
tc - year of the termination of capital construction;
KV (t) - investment expenses (capital investments) in a year t.
Let's notice that instead of an annual interval in these formulas can
To be used and smaller time intervals - month, quarter, half-year
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