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Spheres on the market; 2) at depreciation of the individual Transaction (at the expense of economy on scales or the best Specifications and protection of the property rights by the state), if
3) at constant or raising specific cost
Sector as a result of scientific and technical progress; 4) at
Rise in price of process of an exchange owing to the inefficient
The redistribution of the property rights which are carried out
Thus, the state role appears inconsistent:
It is capable to cause both decline, and nation prosperity. But
Borders of its possibilities both in that, and in other quality
6. THREE SYSTEMS OF THE PROPERTY
Costs are not present, i.e. Silently are accepted
Equal to zero. The main merit theorists of the rights
Properties see in refusal of this precondition as
Unrealistic and introduction in a scientific turn of idea
Positive costs of transaction. According to the theorem Kouza,
The property rights "matter". Being time
Comparative appeal of possible ways
Behaviour, do one kinds of activity more
Expensive, than others. As the property rights
Cannot be redistributed any more easily, without whatever that
The exchange of the property rights will proceed in borders, in
What benefits from their transfer surpass connected with it
Costs. Alternative systems of the property assume
Economic activities. It leads to the unequal
To association of competences in clusters, to a choice of the different
Contract forms. Besides, alternative legal regimes
Demand different expenses for the maintenance and protection. Than
More cheaply protection of the property rights, the manages more effectively
It will be spent.
One of the major achievements of the theory of the property rights
The western economists see that, unlike
The orthodox approach, she in the obvious form recognised
Existence of alternative systems of the property also has made
Their subject of the comparative analysis. In the western literature
It is allocated three basic legal regimes.
In the conditions of system of a private property the proprietor
The individual, whose word in the decision of questions is about
Use of a resource the society recognises as definitive. Such
In the image, separate individuals are in the exclusive
Positions in sense of access to those or other resources: access
It is opened only to the proprietor or persons to whom it has passed or
Delegated the competences.
At system of the state (collective) property
The problem dares introduction of rules, according to which access
To rare resources it is regulated by links to the collective
Interests of a society as a whole. It assumes, first,
Establishment of the certain rules defining, in what
Collective interest (the society blessing) consists, and in -
The second, working out of the procedures translating this general principle
In concrete ways of decision-making on use
Each separate resource (i.e. Whether it dares
Voting, delegation of the rights by the professional
To experts, the individual order of the Supreme governor and
Etc.). Anybody is not in these conditions in
Exclusive position in the sense that as
Individuals all are excluded from access to resources, as
The nobody's link to a personal interest does not admit sufficient for
Their uses. Co-owners of a state ownership
Do not possess individual exclusive, sold on
The market the rights on resource use.
At system of the general (municipal) property also anybody
Is not in an exclusive position, but here,
On the contrary, access is open by all without an exception. When volume
Resources it is limited, a regulator becomes it "the first
Has occupied, the first has used "(65, with. 326 - 333).
According to the western authors, these three systems of the property
There are no anywhere in the pure state, in all societies they
"Are mixed" in various proportions. Thus on some
Kinds of resources in all societies one extends and that
Pattern of ownership. So, practically everywhere subjects
Clothes are in the individual property, city
Parks - in general, defence - in state etc. Except
That, at private property system thanks to freedom
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