Intranet with Shadow Icon
Image sizes: 256x256, 48x48, 32x32, 24x24, 16x16
File formats: ICO, BMP, GIF, PNG
Purchase Network Icon Library for Vista now!
View Network Icon Library for Vista now!
Download icon catalog
Tags: aarow icon, searchbar icon, google icon set, create your own icons using paint, edward elric icons
Not claimed and non-realised from the economic point of view. Than more close
Scientific researches to knowledge borders, especially uncertain
There is their economic result.
Secondly, realisation of the economic rent (profit) even from commercially
Profitable results of researches it is possible only in that degree, in what
Copyrights can be legally protected and economically provided on
Discovery. This problem solved more often by means of patents and
Copyrights, gives to inventors and innovators only limited possibilities
Receptions of incomes. So, in corporations the individual inventor or
The researcher inevitably gives all or a part of the rights of the company. In
The basic researches which results usually are not patented, and
Are published openly, often happens difficult to establish a priority any
The researcher in comparison with its colleagues, as researches in
One area conduct usually some groups of scientists. Thus
Uncertain and it is frequent non-realised individual profit on the scientific
Opening it is inevitable less than that considerable public return, which
Bring opening and radical innovations. It is possible to consider this fact
Proved theoretically and empirically, on numerous examples (from
Penicillin to the copier).
From distinction between individual and public return of expenses for the scientific
Researches the third basic position of economy of a science - follows about
Inability of the market (market failure) to provide an adequate investment of resources
In a science, i.e. that the market, for lack of special stimulus, in
Principle cannot guarantee optimum or socially comprehensible level
Scientific expenses (underinvestment in R&D). This argument is
Central in an economic substantiation of state regulation of sphere
Scientific researches last 40 years.
In practice three basic schemes of overcoming are realised by the state
Specified "weakness" of a market mechanism.
(1) Direct participation of the state in manufacture of knowledge by the organisation
Copyright © 2006-2017 Aha-Soft. All rights reserved.
Individual Ready Icons
You can buy individual icons to suit your needs. Each icon is $1 when purchased individually.
Icon Usage Agreement
Large Weather Icons
represent a number of weather conditions that are common for software, weather Web sites, and mobile gadgets. The icons are supplied in typical sizes standard to Windows, Mac OS, and mobile devices. The biggest versions are huge 512x512 pixel images with vector sources in Adobe Illustrator (.ai) format easily affordable and ready to be printed or used in presentations in highest quality.
Free Business Desktop Icons
is a pack of 10 ready icons to be used in commercial and personal products, including software applications, websites, blogs, and desktops. The images are free for personal, frequent and commercial use.
Large Icons for Vista
is a collection of smooth and polished icons designed in similar manner as the original Vista icons. The icons come in two versions: with or without shadows.
Get your blog or forum a brand-new look with Blog Icons for Vista
! The pack includes more than 70 smooth, professionally crafted icons created in the modern Vista style.
Refine your multimedia project for High Definition screens with ready-made Multimedia Icons for Vista
. This collection will lower your project costs and speed up development.