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Why the Russian enterprises do not hurry to leave "superfluous people"?
In the researches devoted to the Russian labour market, are discussed
Some the possible reasons of similar behaviour:
- Social responsibility of a management of the enterprises, care of those whom
And a case of dismissal heavy vital deprivations (supporting factor wait
There can be a fear of managers to undergo for "ruthlessness"
- Conviction of managers that demand for enterprise production soon
Will increase and "the standing idle" labour will be claimed;
- Unwillingness to provoke conflicts to labour collective to break
Healthy social climate;
- The high organizational and financial costs interfaced with
Disposal of "superfluous" workers; - aspiration to save the status
The enterprises (the power, influence, prestige of the director more often directly
Are defined by the sizes of the enterprise over which it supervises);
- Technological rigidity, fears of failures in a course of the industrial
Process which can follow at sharp "dump" of a labour 5;
- Interdictions for the personnel liberation, proceeding from local, regional
Or the central authorities;
- Counteraction of trade unions;
- Opposition of workers-shareholders 6;
- Flight from the tax to excess of normalised level of a payment by
Transfer of "superfluous people" on the minimum wages instead of their dismissal
- Possibility to put pressure upon the authorities, threatening mass
Dismissals and beating out by means of these threats of the grant, credits, privileges;
- Absence some appreciable costs which would generate
Attempt to estimate value of these factors has been undertaken in the January
Interrogations 1995 and 1996 Its results are resulted in table 6. As we see, from
13 offered variants of the answer with the big separation are in the lead the social
Responsibility of a management - on the average on two interrogations in it was specified by 72 %
The high costs connected with reduction of employment (28 % - an estimation for January
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