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Decisions are interfaced to redistribution of riches among employees of firm.
Various decisions can infringe on interests not only its workers, but also it
Shareholders, creditors, suppliers etc. One groups are the winner,
Others - in loss. From here - attempts to affect made decisions,
Manipulating the information, putting pressure, forming coalitions, using
Personal contact. The firm, like the state, becomes a field
P.Milgrom and J. Roberts have allocated some making costs of influence.
First, it is losses in efficiency because of distortion of the information by agents,
Which deliver to its higher instances and which try thus
To influence their decisions. Very often the worker, whose interests mention
Those or other decisions, is the same person, on whose information it is necessary
To lean at their acceptance. Secondly, this time and efforts which are spent in
Attempts to affect with benefit for itself on the decisions accepted by others.
Thirdly, it is the expenses necessary for prevention of politicisation internal
Lives of firm and reduction of costs of influence. For this purpose can be used
Different means - information suppression (the wage disappears from employees
Payment of their colleagues), smoothing of distinctions in a payment, introduction of "objective"
Criteria at advancement on an office ladder (such as age or level
Educations), an establishment of rigidly formalized procedures of decision-making,
Creation of special control bodies etc. Besides direct costs,
Similar restrictive measures quite often appear are interfaced to the additional
Losses in efficiency.
To each organizational form there corresponds the, special configuration
Information costs whereas administrative procedures provide
Reduction of expenses for negotiating; in the organisations danger is high
Market transactions are accompanied by high costs for measurement of qualities
Product, and hierarchical structures sustain the big losses because of existence
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