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Fig. 9.1. The mechanism of management of research and development process
The research and development portfolio can consist of various projects large and small;
Close to end and beginning. However, everyone demands allocation
Scarce resources depending on features of the project (complexity,
Labour inputs, etc.).
The portfolio should have certain contours, to be stable, that
The working program could be carried out in regular intervals.
Quantity of the projects which are in a portfolio during the concrete period of time,
Depends on the sizes of projects which are measured through total amount of resources,
Necessary for working out and expenses for realisation of one project.
If for example, for research and development carrying out it is allocated 4000 it.it., and expenses on
Realisation of one project 2000 it.it., in a portfolio there can be 2 projects.
Thus, the number of projects in a portfolio (n) is defined from the following
It is necessary for head to solve, how much projects can simultaneously
* If it concentrates efforts to several projects;
* If will distribute available resources on it number of projects.
The portfolio consisting, basically, from large-scale projects, is more
Risky, in comparison with a portfolio where resources are distributed between
According to experts, only 10 % of all projects are completely
The successful. It means that there are only 10 % probability of the effective
End of each project from a portfolio. With growth of quantity of projects
The probability of raises that at least one of them will appear successful.
Advantage of small projects is that they are easier for adapting
To each other from the point of view of conformity to cash resources. A large-scale project
Demands great volume of scarce resources.
However small projects (demanding concerning small expenses on
Researches and development) are usually realised in the new products having modest potential on
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