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9.1. Formation of a portfolio of projects
Management of scientific researches and workings out is carried out in frameworks
Constantly varying conditions. It causes necessity of the continuous
Perfection of programs of research and development. At any moment can arise
Unforeseen technical problem also it is necessary to postpone or even to stop
Job on the project. Requirements of consumers and demand, from communication can change
From couples it is necessary to spend revaluation of viability of the project.
Operating the research and development program, the manager should remember that deals
Management of the dynamical project. The planning and management system should
To be enough flexible, to suppose necessary updatings.
Efficiency of research and development comes to light in the market. It depends on that, how much
At purpose statement the market requirement is considered.
The basic characteristics of a segment of the market are presented by four
The interconnected variables: the size of the market, the admissible price, requirements to
Technical efficiency and time.
The majority of scientific products can be offered in the forms differing
By efficiency, the price and date of the first occurrence in the market. It is important to define,
What level of technical efficiency will demand the concrete market
Segment with the greatest probability since scientific and technical workers can
To aspire to very high level of parametres of a new product. It,
Certainly, conducts to technical ideas, but can not consider the real
Requirements of consumers. Besides, there can be an overestimate of expenses on
Research and development and manufacture and also to increase working out time. All listed
The moments will lead to decrease in potential profitableness of a product.
In modern conditions of working out of the project should be focused on
Concrete market requirements.
Choice of the project of a sheaf with active search of alternative decisions. The mechanism
Managements of research and development process it is visually presented on fig. 9.1.
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