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Gets out, if Tr
To tell. That the second variant more expensive under investments is considered
Effective when additional investments into it will pay off economy
On costs in time not it the standard.
The size return to a time of recovery of outlay represents factor
Efficiency of additional investment investments in an innovation or
Factor of comparative efficiency - Ayr.
The given indicator pays off under the formula:
Ayr =. (10.6)
Settlement value of effectiveness ratio Ayr is compared with
In standard size of En corresponding to norm satisfying the investor
The income on the capital. If Ayr> En, additional investments into innovations,
Thus, for a choice of variants of innovative actions
Indicators of comparative economic efficiency, which are used
Consider cost parts only changing by compared variants.
As such indicators the following acts:
* The resulted expenses;
* Time of recovery of outlay of additional investments into innovations;
* Effectiveness ratio of additional investments into innovations.
Let's consider an example.
Example 10.1. It is developed three variants of the invention on technology
Product manufactures. According to the table to calculate the most effective
Investments, million rbl.
Production costs on one product, thousand rbl.
Annual volume of output, thousand piece
The decision. Using a method of the resulted expenses, we will define most
Effective variant of the offered invention under the following formula:
With + EnK,
With - annual production costs of a product;
To - investments;
it - economic efficiency factor, we accept equal 0,1
1 variant - (13600 * 700) + 0,1 * 22500 = 11770 million rbl.
2 variant - (14700 * 1100) + 0,1 * 27600 = 18930 million rbl.
3 variant - (13700 * 2500) + 0,1 * 19700 = 36220 million rbl.
Conclusion: the most effective variant offered to use
Inventions is 1 variant, that is the least resulted expenses.
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