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The importance of definition of effect from realisation of innovations increases in
Market economy conditions. However not less important it is and for
Depending on considered results and expenses distinguish the following
Kinds of effect (tab. 11.1):
Indicators consider all kinds of results in cost expression and
The expenses caused by realisation of innovations
2. Scientific and technical
Novelty, simplicity, utility, aesthetics, compactness
Calculation of indicators is based on financial indicators
Indicators reflect influence of an innovation on a volume of output and consumption
This or that kind of a resource
Indicators consider social results of realisation of innovations
Noise, electromagnetic field, light exposure (visual comfort), vibration.
Indicators consider influence of innovations on environment
Depending on the time period of the account of results and expenses distinguish
Effect indicators for the settlement period, indicators of annual effect.
Duration of the accepted time period depends on the following
* Durations of the innovative period;
* Service life of object of innovations;
* Degrees of reliability of the initial information;
* Requirements of investors.
It is above noticed that the general principle of an estimation of efficiency is
Comparison of effect (result) and expenses.
The relation can be expressed both in natural, and in the monetary
Sizes and the efficiency indicator at these ways of expression can
To appear a miscellaneous for the same situation. But, the main thing, is necessary accurately
To understand: efficiency in manufacture is always the relation.
As a whole a problem of definition of economic benefit and a choice most
Preferable variants of realisation of innovations demands, on the one hand,
Excess of end results from their use over expenses on
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