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In quality of an indicator of profitability it is possible to use an index
Profitability. It has also other names: a profitableness index, an index
The profitability index represents a parity of the resulted incomes
To the innovative expenses resulted for the same date.
Calculation of an index of profitability is conducted under the formula:
JR - a profitability index
itj - the income in the period j
Kt - the size of investments into innovations in the period t.
The resulted formula reflects size of the incomes led in numerator
To the moment of the beginning of realisation of innovations, and in a denominator - size of investments in
The innovations, prodiscounted by the time of the beginning of process of investment.
Or otherwise it is possible to tell - two parts of a stream of payments here are compared:
Profitable and investment.
The profitability index is closely connected with integrated effect, if
The integrated effect of Eint is positive, an index of profitability JR> 1, and
On the contrary. At JR> 1 innovative project is considered economically
The effective. Otherwise JR <1 - it is inefficient.
The preference in the conditions of rigid deficiency of means should be given to those
To innovative decisions for which the profitability index is highest.
3. The norm of profitability of Er represents that norm of discount, at
Which size of the discounted incomes for certain number of years
Becomes equal to innovative investments. In this case incomes and expenses
The innovative project are defined by reduction by the settlement moment
The given indicator differently characterises level of profitableness of the concrete
The innovative decision, expressed by the discount rate, on which future
Cost of a monetary stream from innovations is led the present cost
The indicator of norm of profitability has other names: internal norm
Profitablenesses. Internal rate of return, norm of return of investments.
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