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Working out, manufacturing and realisation, and with another - comparisons received
Thus results with results from application of others similar on
To purpose of variants of innovations.
Especially sharply there is a necessity of a fast estimation and correct
Variant choice in the firms applying accelerated amortisation, at which
Terms of replacement of operating cars and the equipment on new it is essential
Method of calculation of effect (income) of the innovations, based on comparison
With expenses, the decision allows to make of results of their development about
Expediency of use of new workings out.
11.2. The general economic efficiency of innovations
For an estimation of the general economic efficiency of innovations can
To be used system of indicators:
1. Integrated effect.
2. A profitability index.
3. Norm of profitability.
4. The recoupment period.
1. The integrated effect of Eint represents size of differences
Results and innovative expenses for the settlement period, led
To one, to usually initial year, that is taking into account discounting of results
it - settlement year;
itt - result in t-it year;
itt - innovative expenses in t-it year;
? t - discounting factor (a discount multiplier).
The integrated effect has also other names, namely: the pure
The discounted income, pure resulted or pure modern cost,
The pure resulted effect.
2. An index of profitability of innovations Jr.
Expenses occurring at different times and incomes, helps to choose investment directions
Means in an innovation when especially it is not enough these means. The given method is useful
For the organisations being on subordinated position and receiving from
Higher management the already rigidly imposed budget, where the total
The size of possible investments into innovations is defined unequivocally.
In such situations it is recommended to spend ranging of all available
Variants of innovations as decreasing profitability.
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